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A novel scheme to address the fusion uncertainty in multi-modal continuous authentication schemes on mobile devices

Smith-Creasey, M. and Rajarajan, M. (2019). A novel scheme to address the fusion uncertainty in multi-modal continuous authentication schemes on mobile devices. 2019 International Conference on Biometrics (ICB), doi: 10.1109/ICB45273.2019.8987390

Abstract

Interest in continuous mobile authentication schemes has increased in recent years. These schemes use sensors on mobile devices to collect the biometric data about a user. The use of multiple sensors in a multi-modal scheme has been shown to improve the accuracy. However, sensor scores are often combined using simplistic techniques such as averaging. To date, the effect of uncertainty in score fusion has not been explored. In this paper, we present a novel Dempster-Shafer based score fusion approach for continuous authentication schemes. Our approach combines the sensor scores factoring in the uncertainty of the sensor. We propose and evaluate five techniques for computing uncertainty. Our proof-of-concept system is tested on three state-of-the-art datasets and compared with common fusion techniques. We find that our proposed approach yields the highest accuracies compared to the other fusion techniques and achieves equal error rates as low as 8.05%.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2020 10:07
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/24696
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