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Distributed optimal and predictive control methods for networks of dynamic systems

Vlahakis, E. E. (2020). Distributed optimal and predictive control methods for networks of dynamic systems. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City, University of London)


Several recent approaches to distributed control design over networks of interconnected dynamic systems rely on certain assumptions, such as identical subsystem dynamics, absence of dynamical couplings, linear dynamics and undirected interaction schemes. In this thesis, we investigate systematic methods for relaxing a number of simplifying factors leading to a unifying approach for solving general distributed-control stabilization problems of networks of dynamic agents.

We show that the gain-margin property of LQR control holds for complex multiplicative input perturbations and a generic symmetric positive definite input weighting matrix. Proving also that the potentially non-simple structure of the Laplacian matrix can be neglected for stability analysis and control design, we extend two well-known distributed LQR-based control methods originally established for undirected networks of identical linear systems, to the directed case.

We then propose a distributed feedback method for tackling large-scale regulation problems of a general class of interconnected non-identical dynamic agents with undirected and directed topology. In particular, we assume that local agents share a minimal set of structural properties, such as input dimension, state dimension and controllability indices. Our approach relies on the solution of certain model matching type problems using local linear state-feedback and input matrix transformations which map the agent dynamics to a target system, selected to minimize the joint control effort of the local feedback-control schemes. By adapting well-established distributed LQR control design methodologies to our framework, the stabilization problem of a network of non-identical dynamical agents is solved. We thereafter consider a networked scheme synthesized by multiple agents with nonlinear dynamics. Assuming that agents are feedback linearizable in a neighborhood near their equilibrium points, we propose a nonlinear model matching control design for stabilizing networks of multiple heterogeneous nonlinear agents.

Motivated by the structure of a large-scale LQR optimal problem, we propose a stabilizing distributed state-feedback controller for networks of identical dynamically coupled linear agents. First, a fully centralized controller is designed which is subsequently substituted by a distributed state-feedback gain with sparse structure. The control scheme is obtained byoptimizing an LQR performance index with a tuning parameter utilized to emphasize/deemphasize relative state difference between coupled systems. Sufficient conditions for stability of the proposed scheme are derived based on the inertia of a convex combination of two Hurwitz matrices. An extended simulation study involving distributed load frequency control design of a multi-area power network, illustrates the applicability of the proposed method. Finally, we propose a fully distributed consensus-based model matching scheme adapted to a model predictive control setting for tackling a structured receding horizon regulation problem.

Publication Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: Doctoral Theses
School of Science & Technology > School of Science & Technology Doctoral Theses
School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Text - Accepted Version
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