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Analysis of a Single Solid Core Flat Fiber Plasmonic Refractive Index Sensor

De, M., Markides, C., Singh, V. K. , Themistos, C. & Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2020). Analysis of a Single Solid Core Flat Fiber Plasmonic Refractive Index Sensor. Plasmonics, 15(5), pp. 1429-1437. doi: 10.1007/s11468-020-01154-2


In this article, a single solid core flat fiber (SSCFF) refractive index sensor based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is proposed and analyzed numerically using the finite element method (FEM). The proposed flat fiber consists of a single array of five circular holes. Among them the central hole is made of GeO2-doped silica which is forming the core. Other holes are filled with air and situated symmetrically on both sides of the central solid core. The upper flat surface of the fiber is coated with a thin plasmonic gold layer which is protected by an active titanium dioxide layers. Analyte is situated on top of these layers. The wavelength interrogation technique is applied to study the coupling characteristics between the core-guided mode and the surface plasmon mode as well as for the refractive index measurement. Numerical analysis results show that this sensor is able to detect high refractive index analytes from 1.49 to 1.54 with a good linear response. Additionally, the dependence of surface plasmonic resonance wavelength on analyte refractive index is studied. The maximum wavelength sensitivity of this sensor is found to be 4782 nm/RIU with a high resolution of 2.09 × 10−5 RIU. The effects of different structural parameters on loss spectrum are studied in detail to optimize this SSCFF structure. In comparison to traditional PCF, this SSCFF structure is fabrication complexity free as well as a suitable candidate for developing portable devices and high refractive index analyte sensors, particularly chemical and protein sensors.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Plasmonics. The final authenticated version is available online at:
Publisher Keywords: Optical sensing, photonic crystal fiber, refractive index sensor, surface plasmon, finite element method
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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