City Research Online

Generalisations of stochastic supervision models

Lu, X., Qiao, Y., Zhu, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-9944-0369 , Wang, G., Ma, Z. & Xue, J-H. (2021). Generalisations of stochastic supervision models. Pattern Recognition, 109, article number 107575. doi: 10.1016/j.patcog.2020.107575


When the labelling information is not deterministic, traditional supervised learning algorithms cannot be applied. In this case, stochastic supervision models provide a valuable alternative to classification. However, these models are restricted in several aspects, which critically limits their applicability. In this paper, we provide four generalisations of stochastic supervision models, extending them to asymmetric assessments, multiple classes, feature-dependent assessments and multi-modal classes, respectively. Corresponding to these generalisations, we derive four new EM algorithms. We show the effectiveness of our generalisations through illustrative examples of simulated datasets, as well as real-world examples of three famous datasets, the MNIST dataset, the CIFAR-10 dataset and the EMNIST dataset.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: EM algorithms, Imperfect supervision, Finite mixture model, Stochastic supervision
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5601 Accounting
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Departments: Bayes Business School > Actuarial Science & Insurance
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Stochastic_supervision_PR_revision_1-6.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (692kB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login