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Complex BPS solitons with real energies from duality

Fring, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-7896-7161 & Taira, T. (2020). Complex BPS solitons with real energies from duality. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 53, 455701. doi: 10.1088/1751-8121/abb92a


Following a generic approach that leads to Bogomolny–Prasad–Sommerfield (BPS) soliton solutions by imposing self-duality, we investigate three different types of non-Hermitian field theories. We consider a complex version of a logarithmic potential that possess BPS super-exponential kink and antikink solutions and two different types of complex generalizations of systems of coupled sine-Gordon models with kink and antikink solution of complex versions of arctan type. Despite the fact that all soliton solutions obtained in this manner are complex in the non-Hermitian theories we show that they possess real energies. For the complex extended sine-Gordon model we establish explicitly that the energies are the same as those in an equivalent pair of a non-Hermitian and Hermitian theory obtained from a pseudo-Hermitian approach by means of a Dyson map. We argue that the reality of the energy is due to the topological properties of the complex BPS solutions. These properties result in general from modified versions of antilinear CPT symmetries that relate self-dual and an anti-self-dual theories.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Mathematics
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