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Fabricating Novel PDMS Vessels for Phantoms in Photoplethysmography Investigations

Nomoni, M., May, J.M. ORCID: 0000-0002-8659-756X & Kyriacou, P. A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2868-485X (2020). Fabricating Novel PDMS Vessels for Phantoms in Photoplethysmography Investigations. In: 2020 42nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC). doi: 10.1109/EMBC44109.2020.9176476


This paper introduces a novel technique for the development of custom polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) vessels for use in phantom technologies. The method involves continuous dip coating of commercial silicone tubes with rapid curation in a single controlled process. The technique accommodates the production of different vessel diameters, wall thicknesses (56 μm-80 μm) and mechanical properties. Clear phantoms were fabricated to compare the commercial silicone tubes against the customs vessels. A pulsatile fluidic pump (BDCLabs, CO, USA) driven by a computer controlled linear motor generated the pulsatile flow through the phantom. The resulting flow profile, using the custom vessels, simulates human blood flow and the detected contact PPG signal from the phantom closely resembles the morphology of in vivo PPG waveforms with signal-to-noise ratios of 38.16 dB and 40.59 dB, compared to the closest commercially-available tubing at 5.38 dB and 10.59 dB for the red and infrared wavelengths respectively. The rigidity and thick walls of commercial silicone tubes impede the expansion of the tubing under systolic pressure. This technique eliminates this common limitation in phantom development.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Phantoms, Optical sensors, Heating systems, Optical device fabrication, Optical imaging, Optical pulses, Arteries
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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