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A Cartesian cut-cell based multiphase flow model for large-eddy simulation of three-dimensional wave-structure interaction

Xie, Z., Stoesser, T., Yan, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-8968-6616 , Ma, Q. ORCID: 0000-0001-5579-6454 & Lin, P. (2020). A Cartesian cut-cell based multiphase flow model for large-eddy simulation of three-dimensional wave-structure interaction. Computers & Fluids, 213, article number 104747. doi: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2020.104747


A multiphase flow numerical approach for performing large-eddy simulations of three-dimensional (3D) wave-structure interaction is presented in this study. The approach combines a volume-of-fluid method to capture the air-water interface and a Cartesian cut-cell method to deal with complex geometries. The filtered Navier–Stokes equations are discretised by the finite volume method with the PISO algorithm for velocity-pressure coupling and the dynamic Smagorinsky subgrid-scale model is used to compute the unresolved (subgrid) scales of turbulence. The versatility and robustness of the presented numerical approach are illustrated by applying it to solve various three-dimensional wave-structure interaction problems featuring complex geometries, such as a 3D travelling wave in a closed channel, a 3D solitary wave interacting with a vertical circular cylinder, a 3D solitary wave interacting with a horizontal thin plate, and a 3D focusing wave impacting on an FPSO-like structure. For all cases, convincing agreement between the numerical predictions and the corresponding experimental data and/or analytical or numerical solutions is obtained. In addition, for all cases, water surface profiles and turbulent vortical structures are presented and discussed.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Publisher Keywords: Two-phase flow model, Wave-structure interaction, Cartesian cut-cell method, Finite volume method, Large-eddy simulation, Volume-of-fluid method
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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