City Research Online

Comparison of wavelength selection methods for in-vitro estimation of lactate: a new unconstrained, genetic algorithm-based wavelength selection

Mamouei, M. H., Budidha, K. ORCID: 0000-0002-6329-8399, Baishya, N. ORCID: 0000-0002-2231-6132 , Qassem, M. & Kyriacou, P. A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2868-485X (2020). Comparison of wavelength selection methods for in-vitro estimation of lactate: a new unconstrained, genetic algorithm-based wavelength selection. Scientific Reports, 10(1), article number 16905. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-73406-4


Biochemical and medical literature establish lactate as a fundamental biomarker that can shed light on the energy consumption dynamics of the body at cellular and physiological levels. It is therefore, not surprising that it has been linked to many critical conditions ranging from the morbidity and mortality of critically ill patients to the diagnosis and prognosis of acute ischemic stroke, septic shock, lung injuries, insulin resistance in diabetic patients, and cancer. Currently, the gold standard for the measurement of lactate requires blood sampling. The invasive and costly nature of this procedure severely limits its application outside intensive care units. Optical sensors can provide a non-invasive, inexpensive, easy-to-use, continuous alternative to blood sampling. Previous efforts to achieve this have shown significant potential, but have been inconclusive. A measure that has been previously overlooked in this context, is the use of variable selection methods to identify regions of the optical spectrum that are most sensitive to and representative of the concentration of lactate. In this study, several wavelength selection methods are investigated and a new genetic algorithm-based wavelength selection method is proposed. This study shows that the development of more accurate and parsimonious models for optical estimation of lactate is possible. Unlike many existing methods, the proposed method does not impose additional locality constraints on the spectral features and therefore helps provide a much more granular interpretation of wavelength importance.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Comparison of wavelength selection methods for in-vitro estimation of lactate a new unconstrained, genetic algorithm-based w.pdf]
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

Download (2MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login