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Blockchain at the Edge: Performance of Resource-Constrained IoT Networks

Misra, S., Mukherjee, A., Roy, A., Saurabh, N., Rahulamathavan, Y. and Rajarajan, M. (2021). Blockchain at the Edge: Performance of Resource-Constrained IoT Networks. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS, 32(1), pp. 174-183. doi: 10.1109/TPDS.2020.3013892

Abstract

The proliferation of IoT in various technological realms has resulted in the massive spurt of unsecured data. The use of complex security mechanisms for securing these data is highly restricted owing to the low-power and low-resource nature of most of the IoT devices, especially at the Edge. In this article, we propose to use blockchains for extending security to such IoT implementations. We deploy a Ethereum blockchain consisting of both regular and constrained devices connecting to the blockchain through wired and wireless heterogeneous networks. We additionally implement a secure and encrypted networked clock mechanism to synchronize the non-real-time IoT Edge nodes within the blockchain. Further, we experimentally study the feasibility of such a deployment and the bottlenecks associated with it by running necessary cryptographic operations for blockchains in IoT devices. We study the effects of network latency, increase in constrained blockchain nodes, data size, Ether, and blockchain node mobility during transaction and mining of data within our deployed blockchain. This study serves as a guideline for designing secured solutions for IoT implementations under various operating conditions such as those encountered for static IoT nodes and mobile IoT devices.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Ecosystems, Synchronization, Logic gates, Data privacy, Reliability
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2020 14:30
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/25143
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