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3D-printed Tilt Sensor based on an embedded Two-mode Fiber Interferometer

Sharbirin, A. S., Zaini, M. K. A., Brambilla, G., Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961, Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832 and Ahmad, H. (2021). 3D-printed Tilt Sensor based on an embedded Two-mode Fiber Interferometer. IEEE Sensors Journal, 21(6), pp. 7565-7571. doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2021.3050756


A 3D-printed tilt fiber sensor using a two-mode fiber interferometer (TMFI) as the sensing mechanism has been demonstrated. The TMFI was constructed by splicing single-mode fibers (SMF28s) at both ends of a two-mode fiber (TMF) to generate a comb-like interference spectrum that is sensitive to bending. A 3D-printed cantilever with a weight attached to one end was used to induce bending as the structure was tilted and by embedding the TMFI onto the 3D printed cantilever, different tilt angles can be measured, as a result of the bending of the fiber. The TMFI exhibited a linear response towards the tilt angles, θ, with a responsivity of 1 × 10-2 nm/deg at negative θ (0 to -90°) and 5 × 10-3 nm/deg at positive θ (0 to 90°), respectively. The sensor was able to detect small angle changes in increments as small as 1° and it performs better than embedded FBG sensors. The tilt sensor proposed has a small form factor and simple design, as well as being cost-effective and light-weight, thus showing significant potential for a variety of civil engineering applications.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Fused deposition modelling, tilt sensor, two-mode fiber
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2021 11:56
Text - Accepted Version
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