City Research Online

3D-printed Tilt Sensor based on an embedded Two-mode Fiber Interferometer

Sharbirin, A. S., Zaini, M. K. A., Brambilla, G. , Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961, Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832 & Ahmad, H. (2021). 3D-printed Tilt Sensor based on an embedded Two-mode Fiber Interferometer. IEEE Sensors Journal, 21(6), pp. 7565-7571. doi: 10.1109/jsen.2021.3050756


A 3D-printed tilt fiber sensor using a two-mode fiber interferometer (TMFI) as the sensing mechanism has been demonstrated. The TMFI was constructed by splicing single-mode fibers (SMF28s) at both ends of a two-mode fiber (TMF) to generate a comb-like interference spectrum that is sensitive to bending. A 3D-printed cantilever with a weight attached to one end was used to induce bending as the structure was tilted and by embedding the TMFI onto the 3D printed cantilever, different tilt angles can be measured, as a result of the bending of the fiber. The TMFI exhibited a linear response towards the tilt angles, θ, with a responsivity of 1 × 10-2 nm/deg at negative θ (0 to -90°) and 5 × 10-3 nm/deg at positive θ (0 to 90°), respectively. The sensor was able to detect small angle changes in increments as small as 1° and it performs better than embedded FBG sensors. The tilt sensor proposed has a small form factor and simple design, as well as being cost-effective and light-weight, thus showing significant potential for a variety of civil engineering applications.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Fused deposition modelling, tilt sensor, two-mode fiber
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of 1231 Tilt paper 1 - manuscript version.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Download (2MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login