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Automated quantification of posterior vitreous inflammation: optical coherence tomography scan number requirements

Terheyden, J. H., Ometto, G., Montesano, G. , Wintergerst, M. W. M., Langner, M., Liu, X., Keane, P. A., Crabb, D. P. ORCID: 0000-0001-8754-3902, Denniston, A. K. & Finger, R. P. (2021). Automated quantification of posterior vitreous inflammation: optical coherence tomography scan number requirements. Scientific Reports, 11(1), article number 3271. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-82786-0


Quantifying intraocular inflammation is crucial in managing uveitis patients. We assessed the minimum B-scan density for reliable automated vitreous intensity (VI) assessment, using a novel approach based on optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT volume scans centered on the macula were retrospectively collected in patients with uveitis. Nine B-scans per volume scan at fixed locations were automatically analyzed. The following B-scan selections were compared against the average score of 9 B-scans per volume scan as a reference standard: 1/3/5/7 central scans (1c/3c/5c/7c), 3 widely distributed scans (3w). Image data of 49 patients (31 females) were included. The median VI was 0.029 (IQR: 0.032). The intra-class-correlation coefficient of the VI across the 9 B-scans was 0.923. The median difference from the reference standard ranged between 0.001 (7c) and 0.006 (1c). It was significantly lower for scan selection 3w than 5c, p(adjusted) = 0.022, and lower for selection 7c than 3w, p(adjusted) = 0.003. The scan selections 7c and 3w showed the two highest areas under the receiver operating curve (0.985 and 0.965, respectively). Three widely distributed B-scans are sufficient to quantify VI reliably. Highest reliability was achieved using 7 central B-scans. Automated quantification of VI in uveitis is reliable and requires only few OCT B-scans.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Optometry & Visual Sciences
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