City Research Online

Progressive Collapse Resistance of Emulative Precast Concrete Frames with Various Reinforcing Details

Qian, K., Liang, S., Fu, F. ORCID: 0000-0002-9176-8159 & Li, Y. (2021). Progressive Collapse Resistance of Emulative Precast Concrete Frames with Various Reinforcing Details. Journal of Structural Engineering, 147(8), article number 04021107. doi: 10.1061/(asce)st.1943-541x.0003065


In this paper, three precast concrete (PC) frames and one cast-in-situ reinforced concrete (RC) frame were cast and tested to investigate the load resisting mechanisms of emulative PC frames with various reinforcing details to resist progressive collapse. In the beams of PC frames, the top reinforcement was continuous without curtailment while the bottom reinforcement had different anchorage strength. Test results indicated that, in the event of middle column removal, similar to RC frame, beam action, compressive arch action (CAA), and tensile catenary action (TCA) could be developed sequentially in PC frames with emulative connections, PC frames with sufficient anchorage length or additional bottom U-shaped bar passing through the middle joint could obtain similar level of CAA capacity as RC frame. However, they may achieve relatively lower TCA capacity due to higher bond strength between the top reinforcement and cast-in-situ topping layer in beams, owing to higher concrete strength in the topping layer, resulting in earlier fracture of the beam top reinforcements. Conversely, PC frames with insufficient anchorage could achieve comparable TCA capacity as RC frame. However, their CAA capacity was less than that of RC frames due to pulling-out failure of bottom reinforcements, preventing further development of strain hardening at beam action and CAA stages. Based on test results and analytical studies, it was found that, similar to RC frame, PC frames with emulative connections could provide sufficient rotational capacity to ensure development of tie-force as required by the design guidelines.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This material may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the American Society of Civil Engineers. This material may be found at
Publisher Keywords: Progressive Collapse; Precast Concrete; Emulative Connection; Experimental Tests
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of STENG-9641_R3.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Download (5MB) | Preview


Add to AnyAdd to TwitterAdd to FacebookAdd to LinkedinAdd to PinterestAdd to Email


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login