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Observation of split evanescent field distributions in tapered multicore fibers for multiline nanoparticle trapping and microsensing

Yan, D., Tian, Z., Chen, N-K., Zhang, L., Yao, Y., Xie, Y., Shum, P. P., Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832 and Wang, D. (2021). Observation of split evanescent field distributions in tapered multicore fibers for multiline nanoparticle trapping and microsensing. Optics Express, 29(6), pp. 9532-9543. doi: 10.1364/OE.419194

Abstract

The optical attractive force in tapered single-mode fibers (SMFs) is usually uniformly distributed around the tapered section and has been found to be important for trapping and manipulating targeted atoms and nanoparticles. In contrast, a peculiar phenomenon of the evanescent field splitting along the azimuth axis can be experimentally observed by tapering a weakly-coupled MCF into a strongly-coupled MCF to generate supermode interference. Moreover, the supermode interference produces a hexagonally distributed evanescent field and its six vertices give rise to the multiline optical attractive force. For such spectral resonances, the optimum extinction ratio for the transmission dips is given by 47.4 dB, this being determined using an index liquid to cover the tapered MCF. The resonant dips move to a greater extent at longer wavelengths, with the optimum tuning efficiency of 392 nm/RIU for index sensing. The split evanescent fields respectively attract the excited upconversion nanoparticles in the liquid to be linearly aligned and running down the tapered region over the fiber surface, emitting green light with 60° symmetry. The charged nanoparticles were periodically self-organized, with a period of around 1.53 µm. The parallel lines, with 60° rotational symmetry, can be useful for (1) indicating the exact locations of the side-cores or orientations of the tapered MCF; (2) as precision alignment keys for micro-optical manipulation; and (3) enhancing the upconversion light, or for use in lasers, coupling back to the MCF. The split evanescent fields can be promising for developing new evanescent field-based active and passive fiber components with nano-structures.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © Optical Society of America, 2021. Optical Society of America. Users may use, reuse, and build upon the article, or use the article for text or data mining, so long as such uses are for non-commercial purposes and appropriate attribution is maintained. All other rights are reserved.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2021 10:28
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/25970
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