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Optimising antimicrobial use in humans – review of current evidence and an interdisciplinary consensus on key priorities for research

Charani, E., McKee, M., Ahmad, R. ORCID: 0000-0002-4294-7142, Balasegaram, M., Bonaconsa, C., Buckland Merrett, G., Busse, R., Carter, V., Castro-Sanchez, E. ORCID: 0000-0002-3351-9496, Franklin, B. D., Georgiou, P., Hill-Cawthorne, K., Hope, W., Imanaka, Y., Kambugu, A., Leather, A., Mbamalu, O., McLeod, M., Mendelson, M., Mpundu, M., Rawson, T. M., Ricciardi, W., Rodriguez-Manzano, J., Singh, S., Tsioutis, C., Uchea, C., Zhu, N. and Holmes, A. H. (2021). Optimising antimicrobial use in humans – review of current evidence and an interdisciplinary consensus on key priorities for research. Lancet Regional Health Europe,

Abstract

Addressing the silent pandemic of antimicrobial resistance (AMR)is a focus of the 2021 G7 meeting. A major driver of AMR and poor clinical outcomes is suboptimal antimicrobial use. Currently there is inequitable research focus on the need for new drug development. To achieve antimicrobial security we need to balance AMR research efforts between development of new agents and strategies to preserve the efficacy and maximise effectiveness of existing agents. Combining a review of current evidence and multistage engagement with diverse international stakeholders (including those in healthcare, public health, research, patient advocacy and policy) we identified research priorities for optimising antimicrobial use in humans across four broad themes: policy and strategic planning; medicines management and prescribing systems; technology to optimise prescribing; and context, culture and behaviours. Sustainable progress depends on: developing economic and contextually appropriate interventions; facilitating better use of data and prescribing systems across healthcare settings; supporting appropriate and scalable technological innovation. This strategy for AMR research can contribute to equitable global health security through the optimisation of antimicrobial use in humans.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in The Lancet Regional Health - Europe.
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Healthcare Services Research & Management
School of Health Sciences > Nursing
Date Deposited: 26 May 2021 08:48
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26196
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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