City Research Online

Project20: Does continuity of care and community-based antenatal care improve maternal and neonatal birth outcomes for women with social risk factors? A prospective, observational study.

Rayment-Jones, H., Dalrymple, K., Harris, J., Harden, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-8621-5066, Parslow, E., Georgi, T. and Sandall, J. (2021). Project20: Does continuity of care and community-based antenatal care improve maternal and neonatal birth outcomes for women with social risk factors? A prospective, observational study.. PLoS One, 16(5), e0250947. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0250947

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Social factors associated with poor childbirth outcomes and experiences of maternity care include minority ethnicity, poverty, young motherhood, homelessness, difficulty speaking or understanding English, migrant or refugee status, domestic violence, mental illness and substance abuse. It is not known what specific aspects of maternity care work to improve the maternal and neonatal outcomes for these under-served, complex populations.

METHODS: This study aimed to compare maternal and neonatal clinical birth outcomes for women with social risk factors accessing different models of maternity care. Quantitative data on pregnancy and birth outcome measures for 1000 women accessing standard care, group practice and specialist models of care at two large, inner-city maternity services were prospectively collected and analysed using multinominal regression. The level of continuity of care and place of antenatal care were used as independent variables to explore these potentially influential aspects of care. Outcomes adjusted for women's social and medical risk factors and the service attended. RESULTS: Women who received standard maternity care were significantly less likely to use water for pain relief in labour (RR 0.11, CI 0.02-0.62) and have skin to skin contact with their baby shortly after birth (RR 0.34, CI 0.14-0.80) compared to the specialist model of care. Antenatal care based in the hospital setting was associated with a significant increase in preterm birth (RR 2.38, CI 1.32-4.27) and low birth weight (RR 2.31, CI 1.24-4.32), and a decrease in induction of labour (RR 0.65, CI 0.45-0.95) compared to community-based antenatal care, this was despite women's medical risk factors. A subgroup analysis found that preterm birth was increased further for women with the highest level of social risk accessing hospital-based antenatal care (RR 3.11, CI1.49-6.50), demonstrating the protective nature of community-based antenatal care.

CONCLUSIONS: This research highlights how community-based antenatal care, with a focus on continuity of carer reduced health inequalities and improved maternal and neonatal clinical outcomes for women with social risk factors. The findings support the current policy drive to increase continuity of midwife-led care, whilst adding that community-based care may further improve outcomes for women at increased risk of health inequalities. The relationship between community-based models of care and neonatal outcomes require further testing in future research. The identification of specific mechanisms such as help-seeking and reduced anxiety, to explain these findings are explored in a wider evaluation.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: ©2021Rayment-Jones et al. This is an opena ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Rayment-Jones H, Dalrymple K, Harris J,Harden A, Parslow E, Georgi T, et al. (2021)Project20:Doescontinuity of care and community-based antenatal care improve maternal and neonatal birth outcomes for women with social risk factors? A prospective, observational study. PPLoSONE 16(5):e0250947.https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0250947.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Healthcare Services Research & Management
Date available in CRO: 08 Jun 2021 09:27
Date deposited: 8 June 2021
Date of acceptance: 17 April 2021
Date of first online publication: 4 May 2021
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26258
[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL: http://www.plosone.org/

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login