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Broadband Silicon Four-Mode (De)Multiplexer Using Subwavelength Grating-Assisted Triple-Waveguide Couplers

Jiang, W., Hu, J., Mao, S., Zhang, H., Zhou, L. and Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2021). Broadband Silicon Four-Mode (De)Multiplexer Using Subwavelength Grating-Assisted Triple-Waveguide Couplers. Journal of Lightwave Technology, doi: 10.1109/JLT.2021.3079911


A broadband silicon four-mode (de)multiplexer [(De)MUX] is proposed and experimentally demonstrated based on subwavelength gratings (SWGs)-assisted triple-waveguide couplers (TWCs), which can (de)multiplex TE0, TE1, TE2, and TE3 modes. The mode interaction is enhanced, benefitting from both the triple-waveguide coupling and subwavelength structures. The proposed four-mode (De)MUX is composed of three SWG-assisted TWCs connected by three linear tapers. The experimental results show that the 3-dB bandwidths are 100 nm, 76 nm, 90 nm, and 95 nm for the TE0, TE1, TE2, and TE3 modes, respectively. The corresponding insertion losses are 0.2, 1.8, 1.3, and 1.7 dB, and the mode crosstalks are -23.3, -17.7, -15.5, and -17.0 dB at the 1550 nm wavelength. The proposed device can work as a mode-(De)MUX compatible with wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) to increase the transmission capacity of on-chip optical interconnects.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Mode division multiplexing, mode (de)multiplexer, subwavelength grating
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Date available in CRO: 08 Jul 2021 08:05
Date deposited: 8 July 2021
Date of first online publication: 13 May 2021
Text - Accepted Version
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