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Approximate controllability and observability measures in control systems design

Limantseva, O. (2021). Approximate controllability and observability measures in control systems design. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City, University of London)


The selection of systems of inputs and outputs (input and output structure) forms part of early system design, which is important since it preconditions the potential for control design. Existing methodologies for input, output structure selection rely on criteria expressing distance from uncontrollability (unobservability). The thesis introduces novel measures for evaluating and estimating the distance to uncontrollability and relatively unobservability. At first, the modal measuring approach is studied in detail, providing a framework for the ”best” structure selection. Although controllability (observability) is invariant under state feedback (output injection), the corresponding degrees expressing distance from uncontrollability (unobservability) are not. Hence, the thesis introduces new criteria for the distance problem from uncontrollability (unobservability) which is invariant under feedback transformations. The approach uses the restricted input-state (state-output) matrix pencil and then deploys exterior algebra that reduces the overall problem to the standard problem of distance of a set of polynomials from non-coprimeness. Results on the distance of the Sylvester Resultants from singularity provide the new measures. Since distance to singularity of the corresponding Sylvester matrix is the key in evaluating the distance to uncontrolability it is of the particular interest in the present work. In order to find the solution two novel methods are introduced in the thesis, namely the alternating projection algorithm and a structured singular value approach. A least-squares alternating projection algorithm, motivated by a factorisation result involving the Sylvester resultant matrix, is proposed for calculating the ”best” approximate GCD of a coprime polynomial set. The properties of the proposed algorithm are investigated and the method is compared with alternative optimisation techniques which can be employed to solve the problem. It is also shown that the problem of an approximate GCD calculation is equivalent tothe solution of a structured singular value (µ) problem arising in robust control for which numerous techniques are available. Motivated by the powerful concept of the structured singular values, the proposed method is extended to the special case of an implicit system that has a wide application in the behavioural analysis of complex systems. Moreover, µ-value approach has a potential application for the general distance problem to uncontrollability that is numerically hard to obtain. Overall, the proposed framework significantly simplifies and generalises the input-output structure selection procedure and evaluates alternative solutions for a variety of distance problems that appear in Control Theory.

Publication Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > School of Science & Technology Doctoral Theses
School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
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