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The ‘hokey cokey’ approach to EU membership: legal options for the UK and EU

Cardwell, P. J. ORCID: 0000-0002-7485-3474 (2016). The ‘hokey cokey’ approach to EU membership: legal options for the UK and EU. Journal of European Public Policy, 23(9), pp. 1285-1293. doi: 10.1080/13501763.2016.1174528


This contribution analyses the potential legal outcomes in meeting the United Kingdom’s (UK’s) demands in advance of the referendum and what they might mean for EU integration should the UK vote to remain in the Union. It argues that there is unlikely to be a ‘quick fix’ to meet the full range of demands, since there is no obvious legal mechanism which can satisfy the demands in either substance or the proposed time-frame.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of European Public Policy on 4th May 2016, available online:
Publisher Keywords: Brexit, EU legal order, European Integration, European Union law, referendum, subsidiarity
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
K Law
Departments: The City Law School > Academic Programmes
SWORD Depositor:
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