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Explaining the EU's legal obligation for democracy promotion: the case of the EU-Turkey relationship

Cardwell, P. J. ORCID: 0000-0002-7485-3474 (2017). Explaining the EU's legal obligation for democracy promotion: the case of the EU-Turkey relationship. European Papers-A Journal on Law and Integration, 2(3), pp. 863-886. doi: 10.15166/2499-8249/180

Abstract

The EU has a Treaty-based obligation to promote democracy in the wider world, with a particular emphasis on neighbouring States. Doctrinal approaches to EU democracy promotion generally focus on a specific set of instruments, whereas the law of external relations underpins a much wider set of policies and practices relating to democracy promotion. This Article applies four categories of democracy promotion (on a positive/negative and express/implied axis) to a case study of the EU-Turkey relationship. The wider scope provided by this categorisation demonstrates that democracy promotion should not only be seen within the confines of “positive” measures such as enlargement conditionality but also by measures and practices which are often hidden from view. In doing so, a richer understanding of how the law of the EU’s external relations informs policy and practice can be gained.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: All the works published on European Papers (e-Journal and European Forum) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Publisher Keywords: European Union, democracy promotion, Turkey, external relations, CFSP, normative power Europe
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
K Law
Departments: The City Law School > Academic Programmes
Date available in CRO: 23 Aug 2021 10:16
Date deposited: 23 August 2021
Date of acceptance: 22 October 2017
Date of first online publication: 27 December 2017
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26632
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