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Understanding the high temperature side of the hot ductility curve for steels

Mintz, B. & Qaban, A. ORCID: 0000-0003-2982-8429 (2021). Understanding the high temperature side of the hot ductility curve for steels. Materials Science and Technology, 37(3), pp. 237-249. doi: 10.1080/02670836.2021.1882047


The study tests the validity of the tensile hot ductility test for assessing cracking during the straightening operation. Steels with a thin film of deformation induced ferrite (DIF) or fully austenitic when straightening were examined. In both cases dynamic recrystallisation (DRX) occurs at high temperatures. However, DRX is not possible on straightening, the grain size being too coarse and strains too low. When, DRX occurs, ductility is overestimated compared to the un-recrystallised condition on bending. For steels with DIF films if the depth of the trough is ≥40%RA (reduction of area) cracking is unlikely. However, for TWIP steels, the estimated RA for unrecrystallised ϒ can be much < 40% causing cracking even though measured ductility is well in excess.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Publisher Keywords: Hot ductility, continuous casting, straightening, TWIP, dynamic recrystallisation, Al, Nb, V
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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