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A method for creating larger clay samples with permeability anisotropy for geotechnical centrifuge modelling

Ritchie, E. P., Divall, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-9212-5115 and Goodey, R.J. (2021). A method for creating larger clay samples with permeability anisotropy for geotechnical centrifuge modelling. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 01- 05 May 2022, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

Long-term ground movements associated with geotechnical constructions are predominantly caused by the dissipation of excess pore-water pressures and are governed by the permeabilities of both the soil and the geotechnical structure. Natural soil has inherent anisotropy due to the layering and structure as a result of the natural deposition process. A significant factor that influences the rate of consolidation and seepage in natural soils is that the horizontal permeability can be orders of magnitude larger than the vertical permeability. This is often considered in numerical modelling during geotechnical design however, due to the lack of reliable field measurements available, validating these numerical models can be difficult. Geotechnical centrifuge techniques have successfully been used to investigate responses to complex construction events but are, generally, models created from reconstituted soil. This results in models with well-defined but homogeneous properties. There is a fundamental difference between centrifuge models and natural soil deposits. As a result, centrifuge models are better suited to simulating the short-term response of the soil to a construction event. The work presented outlines a procedure for creating large clay models suitable for geotechnical centrifuge testing with a sedimented structure. These models have anisotropy of the horizontal and vertical permeability allowing for more representative soil behaviour (in terms of dissipation of pore-water pressures) which can be used to investigate the long-term movements resulting from geotechnical construction events.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2022, the authors.
Publisher Keywords: Centrifuge testing; clays; anisotropy; permeability; long-term movements
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Date available in CRO: 11 Oct 2021 09:12
Date deposited: 11 October 2021
Date of acceptance: 14 September 2021
Date of first online publication: 1 May 2022
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26747
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Official URL: https://icsmge2022.org/

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