City Research Online

Understanding Oscillations in Turkish Foreign Policy: Pathways to Unusual Middle Power Activism

Kutlay, M. ORCID: 0000-0003-4942-1001 and Onis, Z. (2021). Understanding Oscillations in Turkish Foreign Policy: Pathways to Unusual Middle Power Activism. Third World Quarterly,

Abstract

The conventional literature on the role of middle powers emphasizes the importance of soft power, niche diplomacy, and coalition building. This article explores a case of unusual middle power activism with a focus on recent Turkish foreign policy behaviour. It demonstrates how the interaction of domestic politics and external dynamics produced an unusual degree of foreign policy activism, going well beyond conventional middle power behaviour, with the government increasingly employing coercive diplomacy and militaristic methods. We demonstrate that unusual middle power activism in a shifting international order yielded “populist dividends” to the ruling elite in the short run but led to a “triple governance crisis” in the economy, politics, and foreign policy, with each element feeding into the others in a path-dependent fashion.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Third World Quarterly. Kutlay, M. and Onis, Z. (2021). Understanding Oscillations in Turkish Foreign Policy: Pathways to Unusual Middle Power Activism. Third World Quarterly. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Subjects: J Political Science > JQ Political institutions Asia
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > International Politics
Date available in CRO: 04 Oct 2021 10:25
Date deposited: 4 October 2021
Date of acceptance: 21 September 2021
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26859
[img] Text - Accepted Version
This document is not freely accessible due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

To request a copy, please use the button below.

Request a copy

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login