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Analysis of Shear-critical Reinforced Concrete Columns under Variable Axial Load

Zimos, D., Mergos, P. E. ORCID: 0000-0003-3817-9520, Papanikolaou, V. and Kappos, A. (2021). Analysis of Shear-critical Reinforced Concrete Columns under Variable Axial Load. Magazine of Concrete Research,


Older existing reinforced concrete (R/C) frame structures often contain shear-dominated vertical structural elements, which can experience loss of axial load-bearing capacity after a shear failure, hence initiating progressive collapse. An experimental investigation previously reported by the authors focused on the effect of increasing compressive axial load on the non-linear post-peak lateral response of shear, and flexure-shear, critical R/C columns. These results and findings are used here to verify key assumptions of a finite element model previously proposed by the authors, which is able to capture the full-range response of shear-dominated R/C columns up to the onset of axial failure. Additionally, numerically predicted responses using the proposed model are compared with the experimental ones of the tested column specimens under increasing axial load. Not only global, but also local response quantities are examined, which are difficult to capture in a phenomenological beam-column model. These comparisons also provide an opportunity for an independent verification of the predictive capabilities of the model, because these specimens were not part of the initial database that was used to develop it.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Magazine of Concrete Research, ICE Publishing:
Publisher Keywords: Finite element methods; Failure; Shear
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Date available in CRO: 22 Oct 2021 14:23
Date deposited: 22 October 2021
Date of acceptance: 5 October 2021
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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