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An evaluation of modelling approaches and column removal time on progressive collapse of building

Stephen, D., Lam, D., Forth, J., Ye, J. and Tsavdaridis, K. D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8349-3979 (2019). An evaluation of modelling approaches and column removal time on progressive collapse of building. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 153, pp. 243-253. doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2018.07.019

Abstract

Over the last few decades, progressive collapse disasters have drawn the attention of codified bodies around the globe; as a consequence, there has been a renewed research interest. Structural engineering systems are prone to progressive collapse when subjected to abnormal loads beyond the ultimate capacity of critical structural members. Sudden loss of critical structural member(s) triggers failure mechanisms which may result in a total or partial collapse of the structure proportionate or disproportionate to the triggering event. Currently, researchers adopt different modelling techniques to simulate the loss of critical load bearing members for progressive collapse assessment. GSA guidelines recommend a column removal time less than a tenth of the period of the structure in the vertical vibration mode. Consequently, this recommendation allows a wide range of column removal time which produces inconsistent results satisfying GSA recommendation. A choice of a load time history function assumed for gravity and the internal column force interaction affects the response of the structure. This paper compares different alternative numerical approaches to simulate the sudden column removal in frame buildings and to investigate the effect of rising time on the structural response.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0. This article has been published in Journal of Constructional Steel Research by Elsevier, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2018.07.019
Publisher Keywords: Progressive collapse, Abnormal loads, Modelling techniques, Impact, Explosions, Structural response, Sudden column loss
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Date available in CRO: 05 Nov 2021 15:50
Date deposited: 5 November 2021
Date of acceptance: 15 July 2018
Date of first online publication: 25 October 2018
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26989
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