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Designing efficient grid structures considering structural imperfection sensitivity

Liu, F., Feng, R., Tsavdaridis, K. D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8349-3979 and Yan, G. (2020). Designing efficient grid structures considering structural imperfection sensitivity. Engineering Structures, 204, 109910. doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109910

Abstract

At the initial design stage of a grid structure, shape optimisation is an effective way to find the optimal structural form. However, most of the shape optimisation methods do not take into consideration the imperfections, thus the actual buckling load capacity of the optimised structure is usually low. In this paper, an improved shape optimisation method is proposed, one that is considering the effect of structural imperfection sensitivity. In this method, the bending strain energy ratio is taken as a constraint, and when the total strain energy decreases, yet there is a certain proportion of bending strain energy in the structure. Consequently, the resulted shape is not sensitive to the initial geometry imperfection, and therefore, an efficient structure with higher buckling load capacity and low imperfection sensitivity is obtained. In order to evaluate the redundancy performance of the optimised structure, an index called structural overall redundancy, based on damage model is proposed herein. The damage model is simulated by removing a key rod of the structure. The results demonstrate that the overall redundancy of the structure obtained by the proposed method is higher than that obtained by the traditional method, thus an optimal design of a grid structure is obtained.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.
Publisher Keywords: Space grid structure, Shape optimisation, Imperfection sensitivity, Bending strain energy, Redundancy
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Date available in CRO: 10 Nov 2021 11:19
Date deposited: 10 November 2021
Date of acceptance: 7 November 2019
Date of first online publication: 29 November 2019
URI: https://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/26999
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