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FE parametric study of RWS/WUF-B moment connections with elliptically-based beam web openings under monotonic and cyclic loading

Tsavdaridis, K. D. ORCID: 0000-0001-8349-3979, Pilbin, C. & Lau, C. K. (2017). FE parametric study of RWS/WUF-B moment connections with elliptically-based beam web openings under monotonic and cyclic loading. International Journal of Steel Structures, 17(2), pp. 677-694. doi: 10.1007/s13296-017-6023-7


This paper provides numerical results investigating the behaviour of steel web-perforated beams with different shaped single openings located close to beam-to-column connections under monotonic and cyclic loading. In particular, the beams considered feature circular and patented elliptically-based perforations. Non-standard elliptically-based perforations have been proposed previously and are optimally designed to maximise resistance against Vierendeel moments and web-post buckling under static loads at the ultimate limit state. Comprehensive parametric nonlinear finite element analyses using the commercial FE package ANSYS were conducted. Initially, a FE model of the beam-to-column WUF-B moment connection was developed and calibrated against pertinent experimental results found in the literature. Next, parametric analyses were undertaken to assess the RWS/WUF-B connection regarding strength (moment), deformation (rotation) and column web shear panel zone deformation for different shapes of beam web perforations, hole sizes, and their locations. The study concludes that larger web openings are capable of moving the plastic hinge away from the column face and the CJP weld. Also, interstory drifts can be controlled with the wise use of the beam web opening size, shape, and distance from the face of the column, as suggested in the paper. Following, a step-by-step design process for RWS/WUF-B connection is presented.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017, Korean Society of Steel Construction and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany. This is an author produced version of a paper published in International Journal of Steel Structures. The final publication is available at Springer via
Publisher Keywords: retrofit WUF-B connections, RWS beam-column connections, web perforations, elliptical openings, cyclic loading
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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