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A New Method to Implant False Autobiographical Memories: Blind Implantation

Otgaar, H., Moldoveanu, M. G., Melis, V. & Howe, M. L. ORCID: 0000-0002-5747-5571 (2021). A New Method to Implant False Autobiographical Memories: Blind Implantation. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition,

Abstract

We offer an elegant new and straightforward paradigm to implant false autobiographical memories. Participants received twenty autobiographical events including a critical false event (i.e., swimsuit falling off) and had to indicate whether they ever experienced these events. After 1-week, participants who did not experience the false event received a second survey suggesting that they actually did experience the false event. Participants had to provide belief and recollection ratings and event-related details. Also, one of group of participants was told that the false event happened once (Single group) while the other group was told that the event happened repeatedly (Repeated group). Depending on the memory type (e.g., false belief or false memory), false memory implantation ranged between 9% and 30%. Furthermore, false beliefs were most likely to be elicited in the Single group. This novel paradigm can offer new insights on how false autobiographical memories can be implanted.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021. This article has been accepted for publication in Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition by Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: False Memory; Implantation; Lost-in-the-Mall; Memory; False Belief
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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