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Flower Pollination Algorithm with Pollinator Attraction

Mergos, P. E. ORCID: 0000-0003-3817-9520 & Yang, X-S. (2022). Flower Pollination Algorithm with Pollinator Attraction. Evolutionary Intelligence, 16(3), pp. 873-889. doi: 10.1007/s12065-022-00700-7


The Flower Pollination Algorithm (FPA) is a highly efficient optimization algorithm that is inspired by the evolution process of flowering plants. In the present study, a modified version of FPA is proposed accounting for an additional feature of flower pollination in nature that is the so-called pollinator attraction. Pollinator attraction represents the natural tendency of flower species to evolve in order to attract pollinators by using their colour, shape and scent as well as nutritious rewards. To reflect this evolution mechanism, the proposed FPA variant with Pollinator Attraction (FPAPA) provides fitter flowers of the population with higher probabilities of achieving pollen transfer via biotic pollination than other flowers. FPAPA is tested against a set of 28 benchmark mathematical functions, defined in IEEE-CEC’13 for real-parameter single-objective optimization problems, as well as structural optimization problems. Numerical experiments show that the modified FPA represents a statistically significant improvement upon the original FPA and that it can outperform other state-of-the-art optimization algorithms offering better and more robust optimal solutions. Additional research is suggested to combine FPAPA with other modified and hybridized versions of FPA to further increase its performance in challenging optimization problems.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This version of the article has been accepted for publication in Evolutionary Intelligence, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections.
Publisher Keywords: Flower pollination algorithm; Pollinator attraction; Metaheuristics; Evolutionary; Optimization
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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