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Numerical investigation of oil injection in screw compressors

Basha, N., Kovacevic, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-8732-2242 & Rane, S. (2021). Numerical investigation of oil injection in screw compressors. Applied Thermal Engineering, 193, 116959. doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2021.116959


Oil injected screw compressors are commonly used in the industry. The position and amount of oil injection are determined experimentally or by heat balances with an assumption of uniform oil distribution in the compression chamber, which is not validated. This paper presents a study on the oil distribution within a screw compressor chamber using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) with Volume of Fluid (VOF) multiphase model. Prerequisite for using CFD in screw compressors is a body fitted numerical mesh produced by software SCORG. The analysis was carried out on a newly designed screw compressor with a 4–5 lobe combination. It was found out that injecting the oil through two separate ports , one on each rotor, has advantages compared to the injection through a single port. The injection ports are conveniently positioned to ensure an even oil distribution within the compression chamber. If the same amount of oil is injected through the two separate ports instead of the originally designed single port , the maximum gas temperature within the chamber could be reduced by 30°–35 °C leading to reduction in specific power by 1.8%. Techniques used in this study can improve the performance and efficiency of a wide range of screw compressors.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license This article has been published in Applied Thermal Engineering by Elsevier.
Publisher Keywords: Volume of Fluid, CFD, Cooling, Power consumption, Screw compressor
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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