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Rethinking Rationality

Pothos, E. M. ORCID: 0000-0003-1919-387X (2022). Rethinking Rationality. Topics in Cognitive Science, doi: 10.1111/tops.12585

Abstract

We seek to understand rational decision making and if it exists whether finite (bounded) agents may be able to achieve its principles. This aim has been a singular objective throughout much of human science and philosophy, with early discussions identified since antiquity. More recently, there has been a thriving debate based on differing perspectives on rationality, including adaptive heuristics, Bayesian theory, quantum theory, resource rationality, and probabilistic language of thought. Are these perspectives on rationality mutually exclusive? Are they all needed? Do they undermine an aim to have rational standards in decision situations like politics, medicine, legal proceedings, and others, where there is an expectation and need for decision making as close to “optimal” as possible? This special issue brings together representative contributions from the currently predominant views on rationality, with a view to evaluate progress on these and related questions.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 Cognitive Science Society LLC. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Pothos, E. M. (2022). Rethinking Rationality. Topics in Cognitive Science, which has been published in final form at , doi: 10.1111/tops.12585. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
Publisher Keywords: Rationality, Decision making, Resource rational, Adaptive toolbox, Pragmatics, Quantum theory, Bayesian theory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
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