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Homeless experiences and support needs of transgender people: A systematic review of the international evidence.

McCann, E. ORCID: 0000-0003-3548-4204 & Brown, M. J. (2021). Homeless experiences and support needs of transgender people: A systematic review of the international evidence.. Journal of Nursing Management, 29(1), pp. 85-94. doi: 10.1111/jonm.13163

Abstract

AIM: To examine the experiences and support needs of homeless transgender people by synthesizing the existing evidence.

BACKGROUND: Transgender people face many challenges in society in terms of people's knowledge, understanding and acceptance of a person's gender identity. Evidence regarding the homelessness experiences and available supports to transgender people remains sparse.

METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken and included qualitative and quantitative studies. A total of twelve papers were included in the review, utilizing the PRISMA method. Methodological quality was evaluated using the Mixed Methods Assessment Tool (MMAT).

RESULTS: Following analysis, the themes that emerged were (a) pathways into homelessness, (b) experiences whilst homeless and (c) routes out of homelessness.

CONCLUSION: It has become increasingly clear that the distinct needs of this group are complex and multifaceted. In order to adequately address the issues and concerns comprehensively, coordinated and effective collaborations need to be in place.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Clinical nurses need to recognize and respond to the distinct needs of trans homeless people. Nurse managers need to provide leadership to promote the needs of homeless trans people and ensure that policies and procedures are in place that are responsive to issues and concerns.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: McCann, E. ORCID: 0000-0003-3548-4204 & Brown, M. J. (2021). Homeless experiences and support needs of transgender people: A systematic review of the international evidence.. Journal of Nursing Management, 29(1), pp. 85-94, which has been published in final form at DOI: doi: 10.1111/jonm.13163. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
Publisher Keywords: Transgender, homeless, LGBTQ, human rights, social inclusion
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Nursing
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