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Homelessness and people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review of the international research evidence

Brown, M. & McCann, E. ORCID: 0000-0003-3548-4204 (2021). Homelessness and people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review of the international research evidence. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 34(2), pp. 390-401. doi: 10.1111/jar.12815

Abstract

Background
People with intellectual disabilities can experience homelessness, and some of the reasons differ from the general homeless population. Specific policy and practice responses are required.

Method
A systematic review of studies examining homelessness among people with intellectual disabilities utilizing CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Sociological Abstracts databases from inception to November 2019.

Results
The search produced 259 papers, and following screening, a total of 13 papers were included in the review. The themes identified were (i) pathways into homelessness, (ii) experiencing homelessness and (iii) routes out of homelessness.

Conclusions
People with ID become homeless due to multifactorial issues. The identification of people within homeless services and their care and support concerns remains challenging, impacting upon the provision of assessments, interventions, care and supports. Psychosocial assessments, interventions and supports are necessary to assist people with ID to leave homelessness.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Brown, M, McCann, E. Homelessness and people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review of the international research evidence. J. Appl. Res. Intellect. Disabil. 2021; 34: 390– 401., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12815. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
Publisher Keywords: Homelessness, intellectual disabilities, social exclusion, stigma, health needs, supports
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
R Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Nursing
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