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Psychosocial Risk Factors for Health-Related Quality of Life in Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Fteropoulli, T., Tyagi, M., Hirani, S. P. ORCID: 0000-0002-1577-8806 , Kennedy, F., Picaut, N., Cullen, S., Deanfield, J. E. & Newman, S. P. (2022). Psychosocial Risk Factors for Health-Related Quality of Life in Adult Congenital Heart Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, doi: 10.1097/jcn.0000000000000897

Abstract

Background
There is variability in the impact of adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). A greater insight into the impact of ACHD may be gained from investigating HRQoL in various diagnostic groups and considering the importance of psychosocial risk factors for poor HRQoL.

Objective
We compared the HRQoL of people with ACHD with normative data from the general population and among 4 diagnostic groups and identified risk factors for poor HRQoL in ACHD from a comprehensive set of sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors.

Methods
We conducted a cross-sectional study with 303 participants from 4 diagnostic groups Simple, Tetralogy of Fallot, Transposition of the Great Arteries, Single Ventricle who completed measures of illness perceptions, coping, social support, mood, and generic and disease-specific HRQoL. Data were analyzed using 1-sample t tests, analysis of variance, and hierarchical multiple regressions.

Results
There was diminished psychosocial HRQoL in the Simple group compared with the general population. Consistently significant risk factors for poor HRQoL included younger age, a perception of more severe symptoms due to ACHD, depression, and anxiety. Clinical factors were poor predictors of HRQoL.

Conclusions
The findings highlight the need to develop intervention studies aiming to improve HRQoL in people with ACHD and the routine assessment of illness perceptions and mood problems during key periods in people's lives. This will help address patient misconceptions that could be tackled by clinicians or specialist nurses during routine outpatient appointments and identify people in need of psychological support.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been published in Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, DOI: doi.org/10.1097/JCN.0000000000000897. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved
Publisher Keywords: 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology, 1110 Nursing
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Healthcare Services Research & Management
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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