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Exploring the performances of the vibrating barriers for the seismic protection of the Zoser Pyramid

Cacciola, P., Shadlou, M., Ayoub, A. ORCID: 0000-0002-2670-9662 , Rashed, Y. & Tombari, A. (2022). Exploring the performances of the vibrating barriers for the seismic protection of the Zoser Pyramid. Scientific Reports, 12(1), article number 5542. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-09444-x


In this paper we aim to investigate the use of the Vibrating Barrier (ViBa) as a potential strategy to mitigate the effects of the seismic action on the Zoser Pyramid. The Vibrating Barrier is a structure buried in the soil that is able to absorb a significant portion of the dynamic energy arising from the ground motion. The working principle exploits the dynamic interaction among vibrating structures resting on a compliant semi-infinite space, namely the structure–soil–structure interaction. A reliable numerical simulation of the Zoser Pyramid and the surrounding soil undergoing a stochastic ground motion excitation representing the seismicity in Saqqara is presented. Due to the unique structural form, the ViBa is herein optimized through an ad-hoc procedure to minimize a response strain energy spectral density used as a synthetic performance parameter. Various layouts of the ViBa have been considered and presented in the paper. The efficiency of the ViBa is assessed by numerical simulation of the finite element model of the ViBa-Soil-Pyramid system. Results from a pertinent Monte Carlo study show an evident reduction of the stresses in the Pyramid manifesting the feasibility of this novel strategy to protect historic structures from earthquake-induced ground motion.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Publisher Keywords: Vibrating Barriers, Zoser Pyramid, stochastic ground motion model, strain energy, spectral density, natural variability, Saqqara
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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