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An exploratory study on support for caregivers of people with vision impairment in the UK

Enoch, J. ORCID: 0000-0002-4614-6676, Dickinson, C., Potts, J. & Subramanian, A. ORCID: 0000-0001-8104-5312 (2022). An exploratory study on support for caregivers of people with vision impairment in the UK. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, doi: 10.1111/opo.12989

Abstract

PURPOSE: Many of the UK's 2.5 million individuals living with vision loss receive support from relatives or friends (so-called 'informal caregivers'). However, there is limited understanding of how caregivers of people with visual impairment (PVI) are, or feel, supported by UK healthcare/statutory services and charities. This exploratory study was conducted to explore caregivers' experiences and their suggestions for enhancing support.

METHODS: Participants self-identifying as UK-based caregivers of PVI (N = 100) volunteered to undertake an online survey, distributed through charity partners. The survey was comprised of the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8 (CSQ-8, a validated, self-report measure of satisfaction with support services), Likert-type questions and two open-ended, free-text questions. Interview participants (N = 22) were then selected from survey respondents, and semi-structured interviews were conducted to focus on caregivers' ideas for improving support. The Framework Method was used for inductive analysis of the free-text question responses and interview data.

RESULTS: The mean (SD) CSQ-8 score was 21.60 (7.2), with no significant differences by demographic, relationship or vision-related factors, likely limited by the small subgroup sizes. Qualitative data demonstrated the heterogeneity of participating caregivers' experiences, highlighting the importance of personalised support for caregivers. Many participants advocated enhancing informational, practical, emotional and social support for caregivers, and stressed the importance of accessible services and consistent points of contact to turn to for support and advice.

CONCLUSIONS: Although our sample was arguably better connected to support services than the general caregiver population, this study identified concrete suggestions to improve practical, emotional and peer support for caregivers of PVI.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of College of Optometrists. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher Keywords: caregivers, low vision, mixed-methods research
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Optometry & Visual Sciences
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