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Surrogate-based optimum design of 3D reinforced concrete building frames to Eurocodes

Mergos, P. E. ORCID: 0000-0003-3817-9520 (2022). Surrogate-based optimum design of 3D reinforced concrete building frames to Eurocodes. Developments in the Built Environment, 11, 100079. doi: 10.1016/j.dibe.2022.100079


The optimum structural design of real-world 3D concrete building frames to modern design standards is a complex and computationally expensive task. Hence, the use of surrogate-based optimization (SBO) methodologies must be investigated to reduce computational cost. The present study applies, for first time, a fully-fledged SBO algorithm to the optimum design of 3D concrete building frames. More particularly, the algorithm is applied to the minimum material cost design of a 4-storey and a 12-storey 3D RC building according to Eurocodes. It is found that the SBO algorithm can converge earlier than other well-established metaheuristic optimization algorithms reducing considerably the required computational effort. Nevertheless, it is likely to get trapped in local optima for large-scale RC frames. To overcome this drawback, a novel hybrid approach is also proposed herein that offers improved computational performance for large-scale concrete building frames.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: 2022 The Author. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Publisher Keywords: Structural optimization, Surrogates, Metamodels, Reinforced concrete, 3D, Building frames
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.



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