City Research Online

All-optical vector magnetic field sensor based on a side-polished two-core fiber Michelson interferometer

Xiong, Z., Guan, C., Duan, Z. , Cheng, T., Ye, P., Yang, J., Shi, J., Yang, J., Yuan, L. & Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832 (2022). All-optical vector magnetic field sensor based on a side-polished two-core fiber Michelson interferometer. Optics Express, 30(13), pp. 22746-22754. doi: 10.1364/oe.460692

Abstract

A magnetic field sensor based on a side-polished two-core fiber (SPTCF)-based Michelson interferometer (MI) has been developed and demonstrated. The magnetic field sensor is composed of a standard single mode fiber (SMF) and a section of tapered TCF. By side-polishing a segment of the TCF, the effective index of the exposed core can be made sensitive to the environmental refractive index (RI). To evaluate its performance, a magnetic fluid is used to cover the polished region with a magnetic field sensitive material, where the sensor then measures the magnetic field intensity by sensing the RI change of the magnetic fluid through the evanescent field in the polished core. The SPTCF MI device developed allows for vector magnetic field sensing because of its asymmetric structure, with its highest directional sensitivity being 55.2 pm/degree. Experimental results obtained show that when the magnetic field is parallel to the side-polished plane, a sensitivity of 1.262 nm/mT can be achieved, operating over the magnetic flux density region of 0-5 mT and over a temperature range of 20∼85 °C, where the device is minimally affected by temperature changes. The sensor is well suited to a variety of potential applications given its low cost, strong anti-interference ability, simple structure and high stability.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 Optica Publishing Group under the terms of the Optica Open Access Publishing Agreement
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (4MB) | Preview

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login