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Resonant multilevel optical switching with phase change material GST

Wu, D., Yang, X., Wang, N. , Lu, L., Chen, J., Zhou, L. & Rahman, B. M. A. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2022). Resonant multilevel optical switching with phase change material GST. Nanophotonics, 11(15), doi: 10.1515/nanoph-2022-0276

Abstract

We demonstrate a multilevel optical memristive switch based on a silicon Fabry–Perot resonator. The resonator is constructed by a pair of waveguide Bragg gratings at the ends of a multimode interferometer (MMI) covered with sub-micrometer-size Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) thin film on top. The interaction between the optical field and GST is greatly enhanced due to the resonant effect. The GST phase transition is triggered by applying electrical pulses to the doped-silicon microheater. Light is transmitted when GST is amorphous while it is highly absorbed by the crystalline GST at the resonance wavelength, leading to a higher on-off extinction ratio (ER) compared to the non-resonant device. The resonant device achieves a maximum transmission contrast of 10.29 dB and a total of 38 distinct nonvolatile switching levels. Our work provides an effective solution to improving the multilevel switching performance of phase-change devices and paves the way for future nonvolatile silicon photonics devices.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Open Access. © 2022 the author(s), published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publisher Keywords: integrated optics; optical memristive switch; phase change material; silicon photonics
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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