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Individual Rights, Interstate Equality, State Autonomy: European Horizontal Citizenship and Its (Lonely) Playground from a Trans-Atlantic Perspective

Strumia, F. ORCID: 0000-0002-0361-7327 (2017). Individual Rights, Interstate Equality, State Autonomy: European Horizontal Citizenship and Its (Lonely) Playground from a Trans-Atlantic Perspective. In: Kochenov, D. (Ed.), EU Citizenship and Federalism: The Role of Rights. (pp. 615-641). Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/9781139680714.026


Federalism splits citizenship. It breaks it into different levels of affiliation, entitlement, participation. This has happened to citizenship in both the US and the EU. However, the split in the EU has generated a distinctive horizontal citizenship, far-reaching and encompassing, which has taken a way of its own in comparison to US federal citizenship. Early comparative thoughts on US and EU citizenship at times convey a sense that horizontal citizenship, in the context of federalism, is something preliminary and incomplete, while the culmination of federal citizenship is vertical. In this optic, EU horizontal citizenship is an insufficient achievement. It is either a mere function of the market, as emancipation from market logics requires vertical engagement; a confirmation of the democratic deficit, as EU citizens have reduced influence on EU level decisions; or the result of judicial enthusiasm prevailing over the political dialogue that only could shape true vertical citizenship. This chapter proposes to develop an alternative account of EU horizontal citizenship. It argues that while EU citizenship as it stands does not necessarily prelude to a vertical one, its horizontal bias is not a symptom of malaise. On the contrary, horizontal citizenship revitalizes national citizenship by re-articulating it and brings about a right to belong across Member States which transforms the prospects of belonging as citizens in the EU.

Publication Type: Book Section
Additional Information: This material has been published in revised form in EU Citizenship and Federalism The Role of Rights edited by Dimitry Kochenov This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution or re-use. © Cambridge University Press
Subjects: J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
K Law > K Law (General)
Departments: The City Law School > Academic Programmes
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