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Density of outdoor food and beverage advertising around gathering place for children and adolescent in East Java, Indonesia

Puspikawati, S. I., Dewi, D. M. S. K., Astutik, E. , Kusuma, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-1909-9341, Melaniani, S. & Sebayang, S. K. (2021). Density of outdoor food and beverage advertising around gathering place for children and adolescent in East Java, Indonesia. Public Health Nutrition, 24(5), pp. 1066-1078. doi: 10.1017/s1368980020004917

Abstract

Objective:
To survey outdoor food and beverage advertisements (‘F&B adverts’) for products that may be a risk factor for obesity, diabetes and CVD located in the vicinity of gathering places for children and adolescents.

Design:
We recorded the GPS coordinates of all F&B adverts visible from the streets at distances of 0–100, 100–300 and 300–500 m from facilities often used by children and adolescents. Those for unhealthy foods and beverages were identified. The density (number per square kilometre) of such advertisements was calculated and evaluated using hotspot analysis.

Setting:
The sub-districts Mulyorejo and Sukolilo in Surabaya city and the sub-districts Banyuwangi and Giri in Banyuwangi District, Indonesia.

Participants:
None.

Results:
The proportion of all outdoor advertisements that were F&B adverts was slightly higher in Banyuwangi than in Surabaya. Of the 570 F&B adverts recorded in Banyuwangi, 227 (39·8 %) and 273 (47·9 %) were for unhealthy foods and beverages, respectively. Of 960 F&B adverts in Surabaya, 271 (28·2 %) and 445 (46·3 %) were for unhealthy foods and beverages. In both regions, F&B advert density increased near gathering places for children and adolescents; all recreational areas had at least one set of advertisements for unhealthy beverages and food at 100–300 and 300–500 m. Both regions had one hotspot with significantly high numbers of unhealthy advertisements; Banyuwangi had one cold spot with a significantly low number of healthy advertisements.

Conclusion:
Regulations to control advertisements for unhealthy foods and beverages in areas frequented by children and adolescents are urgently needed.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Food & beverage, Outdoor advertisement, Children & adolescents, Non-communicable diseases, Spatial analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Healthcare Services Research & Management
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