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Density of tobacco advertising around schools

Nurjanah, N., Manglapy, Y. M., Handayani, S. , Ahsan, A., Sutomo, R., Dewi, F. S. T., Chang, P. & Kusuma, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-1909-9341 (2020). Density of tobacco advertising around schools. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 24(7), pp. 674-680. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.19.0574


BACKGROUND: Indonesia has the second highest smoking prevalence among adult males in the world, with over 61.4 million current smokers. However, there is no national regulation on outdoor tobacco advertising.

OBJECTIVE: >To assess the density of outdoor tobacco advertising around schools in Semarang City, Indonesia.

METHODS: We conducted geospatial analyses using buffer and hotspot analyses based on advertising and school data in ArcMap 10.6. We statistically tested the significance of different densities, including between 100 m and 100–300-m buffers from schools using Stata 15.1.

RESULTS: We found a total of 3453 tobacco advertisements, of which 3026 (87%) were at least medium in size (1.3 m x l.9 m), and 2556 (74%) were within 300 m of schools. We also found hotspots with a 45% higher density of adverts within 100 m of schools (compared to within 100–300 m). A total of 378 schools (39%) were in these advertising hotspots.

CONCLUSION: There was high density of outdoor tobacco advertising, with significant clusters in close proximity to schools in Semarang City. The policy implications of this are discussed.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been published in International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IJTLD), by International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
Publisher Keywords: Indonesia; geospatial analysis; hotspots; school; tobacco advertising
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Healthcare Services Research & Management
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