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Removal of point-of-sale tobacco displays in Bogor city, Indonesia: A spatial analysis

Priyono, B., Hafidhah, B., Wihardini, W. , Nuryunawati, R., Rahmadi, F. & Kusuma, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-1909-9341 (2020). Removal of point-of-sale tobacco displays in Bogor city, Indonesia: A spatial analysis. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 6(April), pp. 1-9. doi: 10.18332/tpc/118236


Indonesia contributes over 61 million smokers to global tobacco users, and the smoking prevalence is increasing among young people. In October 2017, Bogor city started the ban on tobacco displays at point-of-sale (POS), starting with modern cigarette retailers. This study aims to assess compliance with the ban and the visibility of POS with tobacco displays around educational facilities.

We included 266 modern retailers surveyed throughout the city during November and December 2017. Compliance indicators included no tobacco product displays, advertisements, promotions, and sponsorship. We conducted spatial and quantitative analyses in ArcMap 10.6 and Stata 15.1, respectively.

Immediately following the ban, the compliance with all four criteria was high (83%). However, POS in areas with higher population density and poverty rates had significantly lower compliance. We also found that the ban reduced the visibility of tobacco displays around schools and universities.

Compliance with the ban was high, which helped to reduce the visibility of tobacco displays around educational facilities.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: ublished by European Publishing on behalf of the European Network for Smoking and Tobacco Prevention (ENSP). © 2020 Priyono B. et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License. (
Publisher Keywords: spatial analysis, Indonesia, point-of-sale, educational facility, tobacco displays
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Healthcare Services Research & Management
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