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Generative processing and emotional false memories: A generation “cost” for negative false memory formation but only after delay

Knott, L., Wilkinson, S., Hellenthal, M. , Shah, D. & Howe, M. L. ORCID: 0000-0002-5747-5571 (2022). Generative processing and emotional false memories: A generation “cost” for negative false memory formation but only after delay. Cognition and Emotion,

Abstract

Previous research shows that manipulations (e.g., levels-of-processing) that facilitate true memory often increase susceptibility to false memory. An exception is the generation effect. Using the Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) paradigm, Soraci et al. (2003) found that generating rather than reading list items led to an increase in true but not false memories. They argued that generation led to enhanced item-distinctiveness that drove down false memory production. In the current study, we investigated the effects of generative processing on valenced stimuli and after a delayed retention interval to examine factors that may lead to a generation effect that increases false memories. At immediate test, false recognition rates for both negative and neutral valanced critical lures were similar across read and generate conditions. However, after a one-week delay, we saw a valence differentiation, with a generation effect for false recognition but only for negative stimuli. The roles of item-specific and relational processing during encoding and their interaction with long-term retention are discussed.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article due to be published by Taylor & Francis in Cognition and Emotion, available at: https://www.tandfonline.com/journals/RCOA
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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