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Study of the Velocity and Direction of Piezoelectric Robot Driven by Traveling Waves

Zhao, J., Mu, G., Dong, H. , Sun, T. ORCID: 0000-0003-3861-8933 & Grattan, K. T. V. ORCID: 0000-0003-2250-3832 (2022). Study of the Velocity and Direction of Piezoelectric Robot Driven by Traveling Waves. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics,

Abstract

Self-running piezoelectric robots have the advantages of being low cost, high load ratio and fast speed of operation, as well as showing few limitations in confined spaces or for underwater applications. Controlling the speed of motion of such robots by adjusting the Standing Wave Ratio (SWR) along the vibration plate of the robot is important. Compared to the conventional dual-mode excitation method which is based on the adjustment of the excitation frequency, f, a novel SWR-based control method, using the adjustment of the temporal phase shift, θ, has been first derived by the authors. It has been found that the travelling wave component could be maximised using both methods, either by setting the value of f to the root mean square of the two adjacent modal frequencies, or by programming θ to have a sum of π when added to the spatial phase difference. It can be seen that using the ‘θ-based’ traveling wave control method, smoother motion and higher resolution of the motion speed is achieved. In this research, by using the novel θ-based method to drive the robot, its motion characteristics, such as voltage-speed, load capacity and ability to move on different surface materials, have been tested through a series of experiments carried out and reported.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: self-running piezoelectric robot, dual-mode excitation method, temporal phase shift, adjacent modal frequencies, Standing Wave Ratio (SWR)
Subjects: T Technology
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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