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When do spinouts benefit from market overlap with parent firms?

Bahoo-Torodi, A. & Torrisi, S. (2022). When do spinouts benefit from market overlap with parent firms?. Journal of Business Venturing, 37(6), article number 106249. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2022.106249


We examine how market overlap with parent organizations impacts the performance of startups founded by the former employees of these incumbent firms. Building on knowledge inheritance and competitive dynamics theories, we propose that the degree to which the operating markets of spinouts overlap with their parent organizations has a curvilinear relationship with their likelihood of survival. Market overlap is beneficial to spinouts because it reduces uncertainty during the early stages of new venture development. However, substantial market overlap may spark hostile actions by the parent organizations, thereby creating disruptive competition that may lower the likelihood of spinouts' survival. Furthermore, we hypothesize that the previous hierarchical position of founders in parent organizations moderates the overlap–performance relationship. Using a sample of European biotech spinouts and their parent firms, we find support for our hypotheses.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher Keywords: Spinouts, Knowledge inheritance, Competitive tension, New ventures' performance, Biotech
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Departments: Bayes Business School > Management
SWORD Depositor:
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