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Systematic Review of Privacy-Preserving Distributed Machine Learning From Federated Databases in Health Care

Zerka, F., Barakat, S., Walsh, S. , Bogowicz, M., Leijenaar, R. T. H., Jochems, A., Miraglio, B., Townend, D. ORCID: 0000-0002-2409-0288 & Lambin, P. (2020). Systematic Review of Privacy-Preserving Distributed Machine Learning From Federated Databases in Health Care. JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics, 4(4), pp. 184-200. doi: 10.1200/cci.19.00047


Big data for health care is one of the potential solutions to deal with the numerous challenges of health care, such as rising cost, aging population, precision medicine, universal health coverage, and the increase of noncommunicable diseases. However, data centralization for big data raises privacy and regulatory concerns.Covered topics include (1) an introduction to privacy of patient data and distributed learning as a potential solution to preserving these data, a description of the legal context for patient data research, and a definition of machine/deep learning concepts; (2) a presentation of the adopted review protocol; (3) a presentation of the search results; and (4) a discussion of the findings, limitations of the review, and future perspectives.Distributed learning from federated databases makes data centralization unnecessary. Distributed algorithms iteratively analyze separate databases, essentially sharing research questions and answers between databases instead of sharing the data. In other words, one can learn from separate and isolated datasets without patient data ever leaving the individual clinical institutes.Distributed learning promises great potential to facilitate big data for medical application, in particular for international consortiums. Our purpose is to review the major implementations of distributed learning in health care.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Publisher Keywords: Algorithms; Data Management; Data Mining; Databases, Factual; Delivery of Health Care; Electronic Health Records; Humans; Machine Learning; Precision Medicine; Privacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Departments: The City Law School > Academic Programmes
SWORD Depositor:
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