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Effect of Self-Monitoring of Blood Pressure on Diagnosis of Hypertension During Higher-Risk Pregnancy: The BUMP 1 Randomized Clinical Trial

Tucker, K. L., Mort, S., Yu, L-M. , Campbell, H., Rivero-Arias, O., Wilson, H., Allen, J., Band, R., Chisholm, A., Crawford, C., Dougall, G., Engonidou, L., Franssen, M., Green, M., Greenfield, S., Hinton, L., Hodgkinson, J., Lavallee, L., Leeson, P., McCourt, C. ORCID: 0000-0003-4765-5795, Mackillop, L., Sandall, J., Santos, M., Tarassenko, L., Velardo, C., Yardley, L., Chappell, L. C. & McManus, R. J. (2022). Effect of Self-Monitoring of Blood Pressure on Diagnosis of Hypertension During Higher-Risk Pregnancy: The BUMP 1 Randomized Clinical Trial. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 77(11), pp. 637-639. doi: 10.1097/01.ogx.0000899468.25831.58

Abstract

Importance: Inadequate management of raised BP is a significant contributing factor to maternal deaths. The role of blood pressure self-monitoring in pregnancy in improving clinical outcomes for the woman and infant is unclear.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of blood pressure self-monitoring, compared with usual care alone, on blood pressure control and other related maternal and infant outcomes, in individuals with pregnancy hypertension.

Design, setting and participants: Unmasked, randomized clinical trial that recruited between November 2018 and September 2019 in 15 hospital maternity units in England. Individuals with chronic hypertension (enrolled up to 37 weeks’ gestation) or with gestational hypertension (enrolled between 20 and 37 weeks gestation). Final follow-up was in May 2020.

Interventions: Participants were randomized to either blood pressure self-monitoring using a validated monitor and a secure telemonitoring system in addition to usual care (n=430) or to usual care alone (n=420). Usual care comprised blood pressure measured by health care professionals at regular antenatal clinics.

Main outcomes: The primary maternal outcome was the difference in mean systolic blood pressure recorded by health care professionals between randomization and birth.

Results: Among 454 participants with chronic hypertension (mean age 36 years, mean gestation at entry 20 weeks) and 396 with gestational hypertension (mean age 34 years, mean gestation at entry 33 weeks) who were randomized, primary outcome data were available from 444 (97.8%) and 377 (95.2%) respectively. In the chronic hypertension cohort, there was no statistically significant difference in mean systolic blood pressure for the self-monitoring groups vs the usual care group (133.8 mmHg vs 133.6 mmHg, respectively; adjusted mean difference, 0.03 mmHg; 95% CI -1.73 to 1.79) In the gestational hypertension cohort, there was also no significant difference in mean systolic blood pressure (137.6 mmHg compared with 137.2 mmHg; adjusted mean difference, -0.03mmHg; 95% CI -2.29 to 2.24). There were 8 serious adverse events in the self-monitoring group (4 in each cohort) and 3 in the usual care group (2 in chronic hypertension cohort and 1 in gestational hypertension cohort).

Conclusions and relevance: Among pregnant individuals with chronic or gestational hypertension, blood pressure self-monitoring with telemonitoring compared with usual care did not lead to significantly improved clinic-based blood pressure control.

Trial registration: Prospectively registered clinicaltrials.gov NCT03334149.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey.
Publisher Keywords: Pregnancy; hypertension; blood pressure; self-monitoring; pre-eclampsia; trial
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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