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Estimation of organ-specific cancer and mortality risks associated with common indication-specific CT examinations of the abdominopelvic region

Ohene-Botwe, B. ORCID: 0000-0002-0477-640X (2023). Estimation of organ-specific cancer and mortality risks associated with common indication-specific CT examinations of the abdominopelvic region. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2022.12.003

Abstract

Introduction: There is a paucity of large-scale studies reporting organ doses and cancer risks in patients who undergo indication-specific CT examinations. This study estimated organspecific lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of cancer incidence and mortality among patients who underwent indication-based computed tomography (CT) examinations [(involving abdominopelvic lesion, kidney stones and computed tomography-intravenous urography (CTIVU)] in about 70% of the functioning CT facilities in Ghana.

Methods: With a total of 1,100 data sets, organ doses were first determined using the National Cancer Institute Dosimetry System for CT (NCICTX) software version 2.1, and LAR values were predicted using the BEIR VII model.

Results: The estimated radiation-induced colon cancer risks were likely in 39.4-59.8 out of 100,000 patients who underwent CT because of abdominopelvic lesions. The risk was even higher in CT-IVU examinations (53.3-66.4 patients in 100,000 procedures) but was relatively less (16.8-26.3 patients) in kidney stone procedures. Accordingly, the risk of radiation-induced colon mortality was more common in CT-IVU than in kidney stone procedures (22.7-28.2 versus 7.2-12.5 patients in 100,000 procedures).

Conclusion: These results call for further optimisation actions for indication-specific CT examinations to appropriately reduce the potential risk levels for patients’ protection and safety.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Organ-specific lifetime attributable risk, Indication-based cancer risks, computed tomography, Ghana, common indication dose.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
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