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Audit of the appropriateness of the indication for obstetric sonography in a tertiary facility in Ghana

Edzie, E. K. M., Dzefi-Tettey, K., Gorleku, P. N. , Brakohiapa, E. K., Ohene-Botwe, B. ORCID: 0000-0002-0477-640X, Amankwa, A. T., Idun, E. A., Kusodzi, H. & Asemah, A. R. (2021). Audit of the appropriateness of the indication for obstetric sonography in a tertiary facility in Ghana. Pan African Medical Journal, 40, article number 35. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2021.40.35.26349


Introduction: the use of ultrasound is one of the most vital tools in the management of pregnancies and contributes significantly in improving maternal and child health. Certain indications in pregnancy, guide the obstetrician as to which obstetric scan deems appropriate. The full realization of the benefits of ultrasound depends on whether it is being used appropriately or not, and hence this study aimed at auditing for the appropriate indications for obstetric ultrasound.

Methods: a review of all request forms for obstetric scan between June 2019 and July 2020 was performed to assess the appropriateness of requests for obstetric ultrasound at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital. The data obtained was analyzed using SPSS (SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL version 20.0). A Chi-squared test of independence was used to check for statistically significant differences between variables at p ≤ 0.05.

Results: three hundred and fourteen (314) out of the 527 request forms had clinical indications stated. 174 (81.7%) of requests from Cape Coast Teaching Hospital and 39 (18.3%) from other health centers did not indicate patients clinical history/indication on the request forms. Majority 76 (68.5%) of scans in the first trimester were done without indications/history. Only 29 of requests with clinical history were inappropriate.

Conclusion: practitioners should be mindful of adequately completing request forms for obstetric investigations since e a large number of practitioners do not state the history/indications for the scans. There should be continuous medical education on the importance of appropriate indication for obstetric ultrasound.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: ©Emmanuel Kobina Mesi Edzie et al. Pan African Medical Journal (ISSN: 1937-8688). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution International 4.0 License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Publisher Keywords: Audit; indications; request forms; obstetric ultrasound; tertiary facility; Ghana
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DT Africa
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
SWORD Depositor:
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