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Assessment of diagnostic radiographers' knowledge of work-related health problems and associated effects: A multicentre study in Ghana

Anim-Sampong, S., Ashong, G. G., Quansah, Z. H. , Ohene-Botwe, B. ORCID: 0000-0002-0477-640X, Sule, D. S., Bamfo-Quaicoe, K., Oblitey, J. N., Antwi, W. K. & Hewlett, V. K. (2022). Assessment of diagnostic radiographers' knowledge of work-related health problems and associated effects: A multicentre study in Ghana. Radiography, 28(4), pp. 1050-1057. doi: 10.1016/j.radi.2022.07.013


INTRODUCTION: Work-related health problems (WRHPs) are health conditions peculiar to a group of people or occupations including radiography in a specific work setting. These WRHPs occur as a result of prevailing work conditions which predispose workers to risks of physical or psychological distress.

AIM: This study assessed the knowledge of WRHPs among practicing radiographers in Ghana and evaluated the sources, causes, effects and preventive measures of WRHPs.

METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional design incorporating a quantitative data collection approach was used. A questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge and evaluate the effects of WRHPs among two cohorts of 31 practicing radiographers at a regional hospital (RH) and a teaching hospital (TH).

RESULTS: An average score of 4.2 (SD = 0.4) out of 5 (84.8%) obtained on the knowledge scale indicated very good knowledge of WRHPs among the radiographers. Physical work demands, ergonomic issues, increased workload and stress levels on on-duty radiographers due to sick absence by colleagues, large numbers of daily cases, and extra work without incentives were reported as WRHPs effects mostly experienced by the radiographers. The study also showed no significant difference between gender groups (p = 0.313), years of professional practice experience level (p = 0.319), and academic qualifications (p = 0.287) on knowledge of WRHPs.

CONCLUSION: Radiographers working in some referral and teaching hospitals in Ghana demonstrated very good knowledge of WRHPs and identified several effects of WRHPs on professional practice.

IMPLICATION FOR PRACTICE: The study concludes that WRHPs predispose radiographers to adverse health conditions, and administrative protocols are required to prevent or mitigate the burden.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2022. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Publisher Keywords: Work-related health problems, Radiographers, Knowledge, Effects, Management
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DT Africa
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Midwifery & Radiography
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of ZIM-WRHP-paper-RADIOGRAPHY-D-22-00107_R2.pdf]
Text - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

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